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剧场的舞台灯位设计

          舞台灯位设计是剧场建筑的一部分各灯位处理能否融入剧场设计之中构成完美的整体是设计者与建筑师共同考虑的问题

广东麻将      YOUYUJUCHANGXINGSHIDUOYANG,DENGWEICHULIHUIYINJUCHANGXINGSHIERBIAN。ZUOWEIWUTAIDENGWEISHEJIZHE,YAOZAIMANZUWUTAISHIYONGGONGNENGDEQIANTIXIA,QIUDEXINGSHIYUNEIRONGDEWANMEITONGYI。

       YANYUANSHIYANCHUDEZHUTI,YANYUANZAIZHUYAOBIAOYANQUHUODONGSHI,LIANBUJUNYINGSHOUDAOLIANGHAODEZHAOMINGXIAOGUO。FANSHEJIBIAOYANQUZHAOMINGDEDENGWEI,YAOQIULIWUTAIMIAN1.7mSHUIPINGBIAOGAO(YIBANRENYANDEGAODU)WEIZHAOMINGJIZHUN,CHENGZUO“YOUXIAOZHAOMINGFANWEI”。

     ANYANCHUGUILVDUIWUTAISHENDUGONGNENGDEHUAFEN:QIAN1/3WEIZHUYAOBIAOYANQU,ZHONG1/3WEICIYAOBIAOYANQU,HOU1/3WEIZHIJINGQU(BEIJINGQU)。GENJUZHEIYIGUILV,WUTAIDENGWEIDUIBIAOYANZHAOMINGYEYOUJIBENFENGONG:TAIWAIZHAOMINGDENGWEI(MIANGUANG,WAICEGUANG)ZHUYAOWEIQIAN、ZHONG1/3WUTAIKONGJIANDERENWUZHAOMING;TAIKOUZHAOMING(TAIKOUDINGGUANG,TAIKOUCEGUANG)ZHUYAOWEIZHONG、HOU1/3DEWUTAIKONGJIANDERENWUZHAOMING。ZHEIJINSHIYIBANXINGGAINIANHECHANGYONGDEKONGJIANGUANXI,BINGBUBIAOMINGRENHEYANCHUDOURUCISHIYONGKONGJIAN。DANZUOWEIWUTAIDENGWEISHEJIYINGZHONGSHIZHEIZHONGYINSU。

广东麻将      WUTAIGEDENGWEISHEJI,BIXUGENJUWUTAIGUIMOBAOZHENGNENGRONGNAYIDINGSHULIANGDENGJUDEANZHUANGKONGJIAN。DENGJUYOUSHUIPINGXUANZHUANHECHUIZHIXUANZHUANLIANGZHONGHUODONGDEKONGJIANGAINIAN,DENGJUANZHUANGKONGJIANSHEJIBIXUKAOLVLIANGZHONGZHUANDONGYINSU(BAOHANJIAHUANSEQI,ZHEFEIDENGFUJIAN)。

广东麻将      YOUYUDENGJUZHONGLEIFANDUO,QIEBUDUANFAZHAN。GEDENGWEIDENGJUANZHUANGKONGJIANJINKENENGTIGONGLINGHUOKEDIAOJIEGOU。RUCAIYONGGUDINGJIEGOU,GUADENGKONGJIANSHANGXIADENGGANJIANJUYINGBUXIAOYU90cm,ZUOYOUJIANJUBUXIAOYU70cm。GUADENGGANYINGTONGYICAIYONGZHIJING50 — 60mmWUFENGGANGGUAN。DENGJUYINGCAIYONGDENGGOUGUAZAIYUANGANSHANG,BINGJIABAOXIANLIAN。

       GEDENGWEIDENGJUANZHUANGCHUJIANZHUXINGSHIHUOYANCHUXINGSHIXUYAOWAILU,YIBANLIQIUYINBI,JINKENENGSHIGUANZHONGKANBUDAOGUANGYUANYUCAOZUO。GEDENGWEISHEJIJINKENENGWEIDENGGUANGCAOZUORENYUANDEANZHUANG、JIANXIUJIBANYUNDENGGUANGSHEBEI,TIGONGLIANGHAODEGONGZUOTIAOJIAN、FANGBIANTONGDAOHEANQUANSHESHI。ZUOHAOZHUANYEDEWUTAIDENGWEISHEJI,XUANYONGSHIHEDEWUTAIDENGGUANGPEIBEI,SHOUXIANYAOLEJIEWUTAIDENGWEI,ZHEISHIYIGEXIANGDANGZHONGYAODEHUANJIE。

舞台灯光基础知识

常用灯位

面光

广东麻将      ZHUANGZAIWUTAIDAMUZHIWAIGUANZHONGTINGDINGBUWEIZHI。GUANGXIANCONGZHENGMIANTOUSHEYUTAIQIANBIAOYANQU,ZHAOSHEYANYUANMIANBUDEDENGWEIWEIMIANGUANG。TAKEYIQUDEPUBIANDELIANGDU,XIAOCHUHUAMIANZHONGRONGYICHANSHENGDE“SIJIAO”,HAIKEYIDIAOZHENGGUANGBI,ZENGDAHUOJIANXIAOFANCHA,YISHIJUNHENGDEZUOYONG,BIMIANJUBUPUGUANGBUZU。DANZHEIZHONGGUANGRUOBUYUQITAGUANGWEIDEGUANGPEIHEYINGYONG,ZEHUIQUESHAOLIANGDUCENGCIHELITIGAN。YINCIMIANGUANGZHINENGZUOWEIJIBENZHAOMING、JIBENSEDIAO,ZAIWUTAISHANGBUDANDANGZHUYAODERENWU,BUNENGCHENGWEIZHUGUANGHESUZAOXINGXIANGDEGONGJU。

      布光规律一般分为平行投射或左右交叉投射

侧低位面光(挑台光)

广东麻将      TIAOTAIGUANGYIBANSHEZHIZAIGUANZHONGXIERCENGDEQIANDUAN,KEYIZENGJIAWUTAIZHENGMIANDEZHENGTILIANGDU,YONGFANGUANGDENGKEYIJIANGWUTAIYIJIJIEJINWUTAIDEGUANZHONGXIBUFENZHAOLIANG。TIAOTAIGUANGKEYIWEIDIANSHIZHUANBOYIJIHUIYIXINWENDEBAODAOTIGONGFUZHUZHAOMING,GUANGXIANCONGLIANGCEJIDIWEIZHENGMIANTOUSHEYUWUTAIBIAOYANQU,SHIDUI“MIANGUANG”DEBUCHONG。

耳光(台外侧光)

      GUANGXIANCONGCEMIANTOUXIANGWUTAIBIAOYANQUDEDENGWEI,FENBIECHENGZHIWEIZUO、YOUERGUANG。YONGYIJIAQIANGRENWUHEJINGWUDELITIGAN,XINGCHENGQIANCEMIANDEZHAOMINGXIAOGUO,CHANSHENGSUXINGXIAOGUO。RUGUOYUANBUDEGUANGBISHIDANGDIPEIHE,ZEYOUKEQUDEFENGZU、YOULIDEZAOXINGZUOYONG。RENDESHIJIAODUICEMIANGUANGDEBIANHUAZUILINGMIN,CEGUANGSHIRENWUHEJINGSHOUGUANGMIANDEZHUGUANG,ZAOXINGDEZHONGYAOGONGJU;YIZAOXINGWEIZHU,ZHAOMINGWEIFU,WEILEDADAOCHUIZHIZHAOMING,HENGXIANGBUSHAOYU2GEDENG。LIANGPAIYISHANGGUANGSEXIANGTONGDEERGUANGTONGSHITOUSHE,WEIZHIGAODEDENGTONGCHANGYITOUSHEYUANGUANGQUWEIZHU,WEIZHIDIDEDENGTONGCHANGYITOUSHEJINGUANGQUWEIZHU。ERGUANGDENGKEMINGZHUANGYIKEZHIYUERGUANGSHI,ERGUANGSHIYINGBUFANGAIGUANZHONGTONGXINGQIEBUZHEDANGBIANZUOGUANZHONGSHIXIAN,DENGJUGUANGZHOUJINGTAIKUANGBIANYANYANSHENZHIBIAOYANQUDESHUIPINGTOUYINGYUWUTAIZHONGZHOUXIANSUOXINGCHENGDESHUIPINGJIAJIAOYINGBUDAYU45°,SHIBIANZUOGUANZHONGNENGKANDAOTAIKOUDECEBIANKUANG,TONGSHIBUYINGXIANGTAIKOUYANGSHENGQICHUANSHENG。

台口侧光(柱光)

      ZHUGUANGYONGLAIMIBUMIANGUANG、ERGUANGDEBUZU,XUANZEHESHIDEDENGJUYEKEZUOWEIJINJULIDEZHUIGUANGSHIYONG,LINGWAIZAIJIANZHUTAIKOUCHUYINZANGYIXINGXIAOGUODENG,WEIWUTAINEIDENGGUANGXIAOGUOTIGONGGENGLINGHUODEBIAOXIANSHOUDUAN。ZAIWUTAIKOUDAMUNEIDELIANGCE,DENGJUZHUANGZAI“SHENSUOHUODONGTAIKOU”、“LISHITIEGUAN”HUO“GUDINGTIEJIA”SHANG,WUTAIJIATAIKOU(SHANGPIAN)SHEYOUDENGGUANGDUQIAOYIDAO,CEPIANSHEYOUCEGUANGWEIZHI(ZHUGUANG)。

灯具的排列及投射方法与耳光基本相同

天桥侧光(吊笼光、桥光)

      TIANQIAOCEGUANGWEIYUWUTAILIANGCEYICENGTIANQIAOSHANG,HUOWEIYUYICENGTIANQIAOBIAOGAODAOJINWUTAIDIMIANDEZHENGGECELIMIAN,TONGCHENG“TIANQIAOCEGUANG”,JIANCHENG“QIAOGUANG”、“NEICEGUANG”、“CEGUANG”,YOUJIANGDENGZHUANGZAIDIAOLONGNEICHENG“DIAOLONGGUANG”HUOZHUANGZAIDIAOTISHANGCHENG“TIZIGUANG”。TIANQIAOCEGUANGDEZHAOMINGRENWU,JIBENSHANGYUTAIKOUCEGUANGDEYAOQIUXIANGYIZHI,HUXIANGXIANJIE。BUGUANGFANGSHIYIBANYOUSANZHONG:XIANGHOUTOUSHE、XIANGBENQUTOUSHE、XIANGQIANTOUSHE。TIANQIAOCEGUANGDUIRENWUYULITIJINGWUDEZAOXINGNENGLIJIAOQIANG。DANGDAITIANQIAOCEGUANGDUOCAIQUCHUIZHIXITONGDELISHIZHAOMING,GAODENGWEITOUYUANCHU,DIDENGWEITOUJINCHU。CEGUANGDEWEIZHIYUBEIZHAODUIXIANG,CONGGUANZHONGWEIZHILAIKANXINGCHENG90°。ZHEIZHONGGUANGWEINENGQIDAOTUCHUWUTIDEBIAOMIANJIEGOU;ZAOCHENGWUTI、HUORENWUMIANBUXIAOGUOCHENGMINGANGEBAN,JIRENYI“JIANYI、YOULI”DEGANJUE。LAIZIDANCEHUOSHUANGCEDEZAOXINGGUANG,KEYIQIANGDIAO、TUCHUCEMIANDELUNKUO,SHIHEBIAOXIANFUDIAO、RENXIANGDENGJUYOUTIJIGANDEXIAOGUO。DANCEGUANGKENENGBIAOXIANYINYANGDUIBIJIAOQIANGDEXIAOGUO,SHUANGCEGUANGKEYIBIAOXIANJUYOUGEXINGHUATEDIANDEJIABANGUANG,DANXUYAODIAOZHENGZHENGMIANFUZHUGUANGYUCEGUANGDEGUANGBICAINENGHUODEBIJIAOWANSHANDEZAOXINGXIAOGUO。

地面侧光(流动光)

       LIUDONGGUANGSHIWUTAISHANGDEYIZHONG“JIDONGGUANG”,TONGCHANGFANGZAIWUTAILIANGCEYUTIANQIAOCEGUANGPEIHESHIYONGHUOZUOWEIZAOXINGGUANGDANDUSHIYONG。ZHEIZHONGGUANGDELIYONGLVHENGAO,ZAOXINGNENGLIHENQIANG。LIUDONGGUANGDEWEIZHIYUYANYUANDEJIAODU,CONGGUANZHONGWEIZHILAIKAN,XINGCHENG90°。GAIDENGGUANGNENGTUCHUWUTIDEBIAOMIANJIEGOU,SUOTOUSHEDEGUANGLITIXINGTAIQIANGLIE。

顶光

      DINGGUANGSHICONGSHANGXIANGXIACHUIZHITOUSHEDEGUANGXIAN,BUSHIYUZHAOSHERENWU。ZHEIZHONGGUANGWEI,RUSHIYONGSANGUANGDENGJUJIAROUGUANGZHIHUOSHA,CHENGWEIROUGUANG,JIJINGWUYIPUBIANZHAOMING,KEQIDAO“DIZIGUANG”DEZUOYONG。TANENGJIJINGPIAN、DAOJU、DIMIANJUNYUNDELIANGDU,BINGNENGSHIDANGDIJIANRUOHUOXIAOCHUQITAGUANGWEIDEGUANGSUOXINGCHENGDEZALUANDEYINGZI。TONGCHANGZAIWUTAIDIAOGANZHONGZONGSHENMEIGE3mZUOYOUSHEZHIYIDAODENGGUANGZHUANYONGDIAOGAN,DIANYUANCONGWUTAITIANPENGXIACHUI,DIAOGANZHONGBUSHEYOURONGNADIANLANDEXIANKUANG,DENGJUDIAOGUAZAIDIAOGANXIAFANG。DAMUHOUDINGBUDEJUGUANGDENGJU,YIBANZHUANGZAIKESHENGJIANGDEDENGGUANGDUQIAOJIDENGGUANGZHUANYONGDIAOGANSHANG,ZHUYAOTOUSHEYUWUTAIZHONG、HOUBUBIAOYANQU。YANTAIKOUYANMUXIANGTAIHOUSHUNXUANZHUANGZAIDIAOGANSHANGDEDENGWEIYIDINGGUANG、ERDINGGUANG、SANDINGGUANGDENG。QIZHONG,TAIKOUDINGGUANGWEIYUJIANZHUTAIKOUSHANGYAN,JINKAODAMUHOUDEDENGWEI,YICHENG“YIDINGGUANG”、“JIATAIKOUDINGGUANG”。JIBENBUGUANGYINGYUMIANGUANGXIANJIE。BUGUANGFANGFAYEYINGYUMIANGUANGTONGYI。GAIDENGWEIHAIJIANGUBIAOYANQUTESHUZHAOMING,RUZHONGDIANGUANG、TEJIGUANG、ZHUIGUANGDENG。LECHIDINGGUANG,WEIYULECHIDINGBUZISHANGXIANGXIACHUIZHIZHAOSHE,ZUOWEILECHISHENGQIHOU,DAMUQIANDEWUTAIZHAOMING。

脚光

      JIAOGUANGSHIZHUANGZAIDAMUWAITAICHUNBUWEIDETIAODENG,GAIGUANGXIANCONGTAIBANXIANGSHANGTOUSHEYUYANYUANMIANBUHUOYONGYUZHAOMINGBIMUHOUDEDAMUXIABU。YIBANXUANYONGTIAOXINGFANGUANGDENGHUODIJIAODUJUGUANGDENG。

广东麻将      ZAIDIANGUANGYUANHAIWEIYINJINJUCHANGZHIQIAN,YOUDENG、LAZHU、WASIDENGDENGGUANGYUANZHUANGZAITAICHUNDIMIANZUOWEIBIAOYANZHAOMINGDEZHUYAODENGWEI,YEKEYISHUOSHIZAOQIJINGKUANGSHIWUTAIZUIXIANCHUXIANDEZHAOMINGDENGWEI。

      BIAOYANQIANQUSHANGKONGDIAOGUADEPINGMIANHUIJINGHUOMUMANZHUANGSHIKEYILIYONGTAIKOUJIAOGUANG(JUGUANGHUOSANGUANG)ZIXIAERSHANGTOUSHE;TAIKOUJIAOGUANGTONGCHANGZUODAMUZHAOMINGXIAOGUOYEHENHAO。

广东麻将      CIZHONGGUANGXIAODERENGONGHENJIZHONG,BUYIDANDUSHIYONG,CHUFEITESHUHUANJINGYUTESHUDEYAOQIU。

逆光

广东麻将      NIGUANGDEGUANGSHULUODAOYANYUANDETOUBUHESHUANGJIAN,KEYISHIYANYUANCONGWUTAIBEIJINGZHONGTUXIANCHULAI。

      YUGUANZHONGWEIZHIXIANGDUIDEGUANGCHENGNIGUANG,ZAI180°JIAOSHANG。ZHEIZHONGGUANGJINGCHANGBEIYONGLAIBIAOXIANWUTIHUORENWUDEJIANYINGXIAOGUO。

       NIGUANGYIBANYONGLAIGOULELUNKUOXIANTIAO,JIANGBEISHEWUTIHUORENWUYUBEIJINGGEKAI,ZAOCHENGKONGJIANSHENDUGAN,HUAMIANXIAOGUOXIANDEBUDAIBAN,BINGYOUSHENGJIBOBODEGANJUE。

天幕光(背景光)

广东麻将      TIANMUGUANGFENWEITIANPAIGUANGHEDIPAIGUANGLIANGZHONG。TOUSHEFANGSHIYOUZHENGTOU、FANTOUHEZHENGFANTOUXIANGJIEHE。

      TIANPAIGUANG,YOUSHANGXIANGXIAZHAOMINGTIANMU,YIBANSHIZAIDIAOGANSHANGZHUANGJIZUDAGONGLVFANGUANGDENG。YOUDEGUDINGPEIZHIJIZHONGSHIYONGYUTIANKONGDESECAI(RUSHENLAN、CUILAN、LV、QIANLAN、ZIHONGDENG),YOUDEGENJUXIDEXUYAOXUANSE。

      ZAIYIXIEDA、ZHONGXINGJUCHANG,TIANMUDINGGUANGCAIYONGDIAOQIAOXINGSHI,QIAONEIZHUANGYOUDALIANGFANGUANGDENGJU,TONGSHIZAIDIAOQIAONEIHAIPEIYOUTOUJINGHUANDENGHETESHUXIAOGUODENG。

      DENGJUCAIYONGTIAOXINGZUHEHUODANDENGZUHESHIYONG,KEZHUANGCHENGYIPAI、ERPAI。PAINEIHAIKEFENSHANGXIACENG,QIZHAOMINGYAOQIUPINGHENGJUNYUN,ZHUANMENFUSHEZUOTIANKONGBUJINGZHAOMINGSHIYONG。

      DIPAIGUANG,FANGZAITIANMUQIANTAIBANSHANGHUOZHUANSHEDEDIGOUNEIYANGSHETIANMUYONGDEDENGJU。KEYONGLAIBIAOXIANDIPINGXIAN、SHUIPINGXIAN、RILUODENG,TONGCHANGYUTIANPAIDENGPEIHESHIYONG,SHISECAIBIANHUAGENGWEIFENGFU。

追光

      ZHUIGUANGKEYIDIAOJIEGUANGQUANDEDAXIAO、SECAI、MINGAN、XUSHIDENGGONGNENG。

      ZAIYANCHUZHONGSUIYANYUANYIDONGDETONGSHIJIAQIANGZHAOMINGLIANGDU,TIGAOGUANZHONGZHUYILI,SHIXIANDUIYANYUANBANSHEN、QUANSHEN、YUANJULI、XIAOFANWEIDEJUBUZHAOMING。YOUSHIYEKEYUNYONGZHUIGUANGYINGZAOCHUCHOUXIANG、XUHUANDEGANJUE。

广东麻将      ZHUIGUANGDEWEIZHIKESHEZHIZAIGUANZHONGXIERCENGZHENGMIANHELIANGCECHU,HAIKEYIFANGZAIWUTAIBIAOYANQULIANGCEYIJIHOUBUDENGZAOXINGXUYAODEWEIZHISHANG,YEYOUSHEZAIGUANZHONGXIDINGBUTIANHUABANYIDAOMIANGUANGCHUHEGUANZHONGXIHOUBUSHELIDEFENGBISHIZHUANYONGZHUIGUANGSHINEI。

特殊效果光

广东麻将      TESHUXIAOGUOGUANGYIBANSHIZHICHANGJINGZHONGRIYUEXINGCHEN、FENGYULEIDIAN、SHOUDIANTONGGUANGDENGXIAOGUO,HUODAOJUDENG,JIYOUDENG、LAZHU、DIANDENGXIAOGUO,HUOHUAMIANZHONGTEDINGDEQIANGGUANGQUDEGUANGXIANXIAOGUO。JUTIBAISHEWEIZHI、GENJUYANCHUKONGJIANJIEGOUJIYANCHUQINGKUANGDENGYINSUERDING。

 

广东麻将EGONGWANGANBEI 42010302000664HAO